Thai Boxing, Inc.
(A non-profit organization)
There is no clear evidence who is the real originator of Muay Thai,
with its various techniques and styles.  The legacy of the art of Muay
Thai is a national treasure.  Even some of the greatest or renowned
Thai monarchs in the past regarded Muay Thai as one of their favorite
sports or past-times.  In particular, King Naresuan the Great, who had
participated in Muay Thai contests with his Burmese counterparts
during his youth.  Another popular Muay Thai combatant was Phra
Chao Sua (The Tiger King), who went to the extent of disguising
himself as a commoner in order to enable him to participate in Muay
Thai contests frequently held during Temple festivals  And he usually
emerged victorious.

The Great Master in the Field of Thai-Style Boxing (AD 1702)

When he was young, Khun Luang Sorasak showed great
interest and enthusiasm in Thai-style Boxing.  He
endeavored to learn every style or technique and rhythm
involved in Thai-style Boxing from the Royal Court.  Then he
ran away from the palace and attended Thai-style Boxing
training courses provided by other training
establishments.  Thus, he became widely known for his
martial art skills.

After he ascended the throne, he once disguised himself as
a commoner, and travelled by sea with his fleet of boats,
and moored in a hiding-place at Tarkruad sub-district to
take part in a boxing match held during a festival.  There,
he dispatched some soldiers who accompanied him to
inform the head of a boxing ring that there was a boxer
from Ayuthya who was looking for an opponent to engage
him in physical combat.

When people heard about this newcomer from Ayuthya,
they were interested to find out about his ability and skills.  
The head of the boxing ring found three challengers to
fight him.  Prachao Sua beat all of them convincingly.
PHRAYA PICHAI: The Soldier with the Broken Sword

The Great Teacher/Master in the Field of Thai-Style Boxing

Phraya Pichai, the soldier with the broken sword, was a great
soldier of King Taksin (Phrachao Krungthonburi).  He was known to
fight with the Burmese until his sword was broken.  He was
undeterred and did not discard the broken sword.

Phraya Pichai hailed from the village of Hankha, Thungyung, now
called Uttaradit Province.  His former name was Joy and he was a
student of Teacher Thieng of Bantakhaen Temple, and also of
Teacher Mek of Thasao.  When he reached his 20th birthday, he
changed his name to Thongdee and left home to live with Phrakru,
a monk and a self-styled doctor at Kaoaew in Tak province
because he wanted to avoid encounter with a foe living in the
same village.

Two months later, he learnt that Phraya Tak (who later became King
Taksin) showed great interest in boxing and was a firm supporter
of this sporting event, and that a boxing match was going to be
held in two days.  So, Mr. Joy or Thongdee decided to go to the
organizer of the match to seek a suitabel opponent to fight with.  
The villagers were surprised at seeing this newcomer and boxer.
There was no suitable opponent to face him except a boxing teacher or master by the name of Khun
Hao.  Phrakru was alarmed at the forthcoming match between Thongdee and Mr. Hao and warned
Thongdee that it would not be advisable to engage Mr. Hao, a retired boxer who had a following of many
students.  Phrakru cautioned that to suffer defeat under this man would mean disaster.  On the other
hand, to win is to invite trouble as he risked being killed by his students who would lose face.  So Mr.
Thongdee agreed to obey his master's advice.

Phraya Tak was extremely keen to watch this match but Thongdee did not show up when the time came
for the bout to start.  Phraya Tak wanted to know why and when he learnt about the situation, he agreed
to guarantee Thongdee's life.

When the boxing match began, Thongdee used various styles and techniques.  One was the technique
called "Pretend to Fall" style (this is now forbidden) and the other was Dubchawala (Putting Out the
Candle style) by hitting at the central area (in the middle of the head) with the left elbow and the right
elbow, halfway between the mouth and the nose with the right fist and then with the left fist, and kicking
the so-called chest-scraper (the temple) with the left foot and finally hitting the jaw with the right foot.

According to boxing experts of olden days, the series of styles or techniques mentioned above was
known as "Phanlam".  The teacher, Mr. Hao, was totally defeated by this style of fighting.  Phraya Tak was
so pleased with Mr. Thongdee's boxing style and prowess that he invited Thongdee to work in the public

Finally, Mr. Thongdee was promoted to be Phraya Pichai with the Broken Sword.  During that period, he
continued boxing and gained fame and recognition.  He was popularly known as "Thongdee" followed by
"White Teeth" because his teeth were white and not colored by betel-nut chewing, which was then
popular among Thais of that period.

The Great Master in the Field of Thai-Style Boxing

When Ayuthya was over-run by the Burmese for the second time
in 1767 A.D., many Thais were taken prisoners and forcibly moved
to Burma.  Nai Khanom Dtom was one of these prisoners.

In 1770 A.D., Phrachao Mungra of Burma held a celebration at a
pagoda containing Buddha's relics.  He also ordered Thai Boxers
and Burmese Boxers.  The matches were held in front of Royalty.  
When the Thai participants (prisoners) heard that the Thai boxer
was Nai Khanom Dtom, they cheered and applauded.

Nai Khanom Dtom attacked swiftly using his knees and elbows
against his opponent.  He hit his opponent on the chest so
devastatingly with his fists that the opponent fainted.  Six other
Burmese fighters also participated in the contest, but they were
all out-classed by Nai Khanom Dtom's skills and power.  Phrachao
Mungra was highly impressed and remarked, "Thai fighters are
so skillful, like tigers hiding their claws.  They are more skillful
than I thought.  If only the Thais had been in harmony and
cooperative, Krungsri Ayuthya would not have been overrun by

Thus, it can be said that Nai Khanom Dtom was the first great
boxer of Thailand who demonstrated the excellence and vitality
of Thai-style Boxing abroad as recorded in history.
Muay Thai music play at the fight